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Build a Cantilever Bridge

Updated:2013-07-29 16:24:04
Bridges are built in one of three main types: beam, arch and suspension. All three types can and do incorporate cantilevers, beams supported at only one end that transfer weight to the supporting structure, thereby allowing overhanging structures without external bracing as well as longer bridges that wouldn't be possible without them. Here's how to build a cantilever bridge.
 

Instructions as follows:

                                                            


Firstly, measure the distance to be spanned by the bridge. This will determine first the basic bridge type called for-beam, arch or suspension-and whether the cantilevers can be connected directly to each other in a simple span or require a central truss bridge to be placed between them in a suspended span.
Secondly, place foundation piers to provide vertical support for the overall span. For short bridge, these are not required; however, most bridges have at least two placed at equal distances from the positions to be spanned.

Thirdly, build cantilever arms toward the center of the span and also toward the supporting foundations at the ends of the bridge and attach them to the support piers. This is called balanced cantilever construction; the arms that extend toward the supporting foundations are called anchor arms and counterbalance the arms that extend to span the obstacle.

Fourthly, construct support towers over the foundation piers if the bridges is long and there are only two foundation piers. This provides more strength for the supports in balanced cantilever construction.

Fifthly, insert a central truss bridge between projecting cantilever supports if one is called for. The truss stone bridge may be constructed offsite and dropped in place or built onsite.

Sixthly, attach the projecting cantilever arms to each other or the ends of the central truss bridge with connecting pins.

Sevethly, install the roadway or railway decking, then the roadway or railway itself.
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