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Stone Styles (1) Glossary

Updated:2007-11-14 14:38:19

The beauty of a natural stone floor is that no two are ever the same. Each has its own unique color, veining, and natural characteristics such as hardness and porosity.

Each has it's own style. A one-of-a-kind presence and personality.

If your goal is a flooring solution for the way you live that is truly unique, undoubtedly individual and purely personal, natural stone is a solid choice.

But deciding on which stone can be challenging. To help you with this wonderful problem we've created this section on Natural Stone Styles.

With a lot of information here and a little imagination on your part, you can begin to see what type of natural stone is your type.

So come along! Together we’ll get you another step closer to a decision.

First, remember that typical natural stone floor tile sizes are 12?x12?, 13?x13?, 16?x16?, and 18?x18.?

Next, you should be aware that there are two types of edges for natural stone floor tile: a polished bull nose edge that has a rounded or curved appearance, or a polished straight 90 degree edge that gives a more modern and clean look to your space.

stone design

For your reference, a glossary.

To help you understand the types of natural stone, we've put this glossary together. Always with the goal of making you a smarter shopper.

(You can also impress your friends by throwing these terms at them.)

There are two basic types of stone used in the building industry:

* Natural stone such as marble, granite, or limestone.

* Agglomerates (Manufactured stones) that consist of natural stone chips suspended in a bonding, manufactured material.

Natural stone can be grouped into three classes.

Igneous rock is formed when molten rock (called lava or magma) cools and hardens. Granite is an example of an igneous rock.

Sedimentary rock is formed from deposits that have undergone consolidation and crystallization. Limestone and sandstone fall into this category.

Metamorphic rock is created when other kinds of rocks are changed by great heat and pressure inside the earth. Marble, slate and quartzite are examples of metamorphic rocks.

Here are the names and definitions of some of the more popular natural stones:

Granite is an igneous stone that is extremely hard, dense and resistant to scratches and acid etching. It is an ideal stone for use in flooring and in food preparation areas. Hundreds of varieties of granite exist.

Sandstone is a sedimentary stone that is primarily composed of loose grains of quartz sand that are rough in texture. A number of varieties are available.

Limestone is another sedimentary stone, it's formed from calcite and sediment and comes in many earthen colors.

Marble is a derivative of limestone. It is a metamorphic stone that can be polished. Marble is characteristically soft and easily scratched or etched by acids. There are countless types of marble from around the world.

Travertine is a crystallized, partially metamorphosed limestone, which because of its structure, can be filled and honed and is dense enough to be a type of marble.

Slate is a metamorphic stone that has a sheet-like structure. It is composed of clay, quartz and shale, and comes in a multitude of colors including reds and greens.

Agglomerate Stone is a manufactured stone made from natural stone chips suspended in a binder such as cement, epoxy resins or polyester.

The most well known agglomerated stone is poured-in-place terrazzo, used in building for thousands of years.

Today, some of the most popular manufactured stone products are quartz products.

These products offer the look of natural stone but are stain and scratch resistant, offer consistency and strength, and are virtually maintenance free.

Now, let's take an even closer look at some of the most popular natural stone types available today, and provide you with some recommended applications.

 
source: World Floor Covering Association
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