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Things to Use as a Mosaic Base

Updated:2014-06-16 11:45:39

A mosaic base is the material used to stick the tesserae to when assembling a mosaic. The surface of the base must be clean and without dust, flaking paints and dirt, as this ensures a strong bond with the tesserae. The mosaic base is comparable to the spine and has to be strong enough to support the weight of the tesserae. Several materials can be used as a mosaic base. Tesserae refers to the small pieces of glass, pebbles, stones or any other materials that have been cut into desired shapes and used in making the mosaic


Thin wood boards are utilized as bases when designing flower pot holders or mosaic plaques. According to eBay, when using a mosaic board measuring about 9mm thick, it is not advisable to stick mosaics that are bigger than 30 to 40cm squared. Making larger mosaics requires a thicker wooden board measuring around 12mm and above. This provides support and strength for the heavy tesserae required to cover this larger area that might break a lesser board with time. Coat wooden surfaces using a waterproof sealer, as this prevents the wood from expanding and contacting due to moisture absorption, which can result in the cracking of the mosaic.
 Glass sheets, bottles and mirrors act as suitable surfaces for a mosaic base. However, special glass glue is used to stick the tesserae, since tile adhesive might not be strong enough and may have an unattractive color. If glass tiles are used on the glass mosaic base, clear, transparent glue maximizes the probability of light reflection. If heavy glue is used in creating a mosaic on a lampshade, light can be easily blocked, necessitating the use of transparent glue.

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